Power Grids Division
The Power Grids division is a global leader in power technologies and aspires to be the partner of choice for enabling a stronger, smarter and greener grid. The Power Grids division provides product, system, software and service solutions across the power value chain that are designed to meet the growing demand for electricity with minimum environmental impact. These solutions support utility, industry and transport & infrastructure customers to plan, build, operate and maintain their power infrastructure. They are designed to facilitate the safe, reliable and efficient integration, transmission and distribution of bulk and distributed energy generated from conventional and renewable sources.
Approximately three quarters of the division’s revenues come from utility customers and the remaining portion is generated from industry and transport & infrastructure customers. Power Grids has a worldwide customer base, with a wide spread of revenues from a regional perspective across the Americas, Europe and AMEA. The division also has a globally diversified and well balanced manufacturing and engineering footprint. Direct sales account for a significant part of the division’s total revenues and external channel partners such as wholesalers, distributors and OEMs account for the rest.
The division had approximately 36,400 employees as of December 31, 2017, and generated $10.4 billion of revenues in 2017.
The Power Grids division’s principal customers include transmission and distribution operators and owners as well as utilities and industrial, transportation and infrastructure customers.
Products and Services
The Grid Automation business is at the forefront of grid automation and digitalization. It supplies substation automation products, systems and services. It also provides Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems for transmission and distribution networks as well as a range of wireless, fiber optic and power line carrier-based telecommunication technologies for mission critical applications. This business offers microgrid solutions that are being increasingly deployed for remote and partially grid-connected applications. Also included in this business is the enterprise software portfolio – a provider of an industry-leading suite of software solutions that help utilities and other asset-intensive industries (e.g. rail, mining) manage, maintain and optimize their assets.
The Grid Integration business is among the world’s leading providers of transmission and distribution substations, associated life-cycle services and HVDC systems. The substations are provided either as engineered solutions (system integration) or on a turnkey, engineering, procurement, construction (EPC) basis, for utility and non-utility applications including renewables, rail, data-centers, industry, battery energy storage and shore-to-ship power supply. The HVDC systems use Line Commutated Converter (HVDC Classic) technology or Voltage Sourced Converter (HVDC Light) technology. The Grid Integration portfolio also includes the Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) business, which comprises Static Var Compensation (SVC) and static compensator (STATCOM) technology. These systems stabilize voltages, minimize losses, and keep power quality in accordance with grid codes. The Grid Integration business’s portfolio also includes a range of high power semiconductors, a core technology for power electronics deployed in HVDC, FACTS and rail applications.
The High Voltage products business is a global leader in high voltage switchgear up to 1200 kV AC and 1100 kV DC with a portfolio spanning air-insulated, gas-insulated and hybrid technologies. It also manufactures generator circuit breakers, a key product for integrating large power plants into the grid. The portfolio also includes a broad range of capacitors and filters that facilitate power quality as well as instrument transformers and other substation components.
The Transformers business supplies transformers that are an integral component found across the power value chain, enabling the efficient and safe conversion of electricity to different voltages. ABB is the world’s largest maker of transformers. The product range is designed for reliability, durability and efficiency with a portfolio that includes power transformers, dry- and liquid-distribution transformers, traction transformers for rail applications, and special application transformers and related components such as insulation kits, bushings and other transformer accessories. In addition, ABB’s power transformers are pushing the voltage barrier to unprecedented levels of 1100 kV DC and 1200 kV AC, facilitating more power to be transported longer distances with minimum losses. Other technology developments include grid-resilient transformers designed to withstand physical attack, eco-efficient transformers using biodegradable oil and innovative sensor-based as well as software-leveraging solutions for remote maintenance and asset optimization.
The division also has an extensive portfolio of service offerings. This is a growing focus area, leveraging the significant installed product base. The portfolio includes spare parts, condition monitoring and maintenance services, on- and off-site repairs as well as retrofits and upgrades. Advanced software-based monitoring and advisory services are being added to the portfolio to enable digitalization of grids. ABB Ability™, the company’s unified, cross-industry digital capability supports the portfolio with devices, systems, solutions, services and a platform that enable customers to know more, do more and do better.
On a global basis, the Power Grids division faces worldwide competition across its portfolio mainly from Siemens and General Electric (GE Alstom). It also competes in specific geographies and in parts of the business with companies such as Hyundai, Hyosung, Crompton Greaves, TBEA and NARI. The breadth of its portfolio, technology and innovation, a global footprint and a vast installed base, enable the division to maintain its leading position in the power sector.
The Power Grids division’s capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment totaled $171 million in 2017, compared to $172 million and $150 million in 2016 and 2015, respectively. Principal investments in 2017 were related to capacity expansion as well as the replacement of existing equipment, particularly in Sweden, the U.S. and Switzerland. Geographically, in 2017, Europe represented 60 percent of the capital expenditures, followed by the Americas (25 percent) and AMEA (15 percent).